【中学英文法】受動態の練習問題

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受動態の練習問題

【問1】次の文を(   )内の指示にしたがって書きかえるとき、(   )に適する語を書きなさい。

(1) Mary writes a letter every week. (ほぼ同じ意味の文に)
A letter(   )(   )Mary every week.

(2) My mother did not use the car. (受動態の香定文に)
The car(   )(   )by my mother.

(3) Did the boys break the window? (受動態の疑問文に)
(   )the window(   )by the boys?

(4)A:the book read by young people? (2文が問答文になるように)
B:Yes, (   )is.

(5) What language do they speak in Canada?(受動態の文に)
What language(   )(   )in Canada?

(6) The homework was done by John. (否定文に)
The homework(   )(   )by John.

(7) The ship was built two years ago. (下線部を問う疑問文に)
(   )(   )the ship built?

【問2】能動態の文は受動態に、受動態の文は能動態にかえなさい。
(1) They study English at school in Japan.

(2) The room is cleaned by Keiko every day.

(3) Jims father made Jim a teacher.

(4) This book is read by Tom.

(5) Did Kenji take this picture?

受動態の練習問題解答

【問1】
(1) is written by

現在の受動態。主語は単数。write-wrote-writtenと変化。

(2) wasn’t used

was not usedを2語で表す。was notを短縮形にして使う。

(3) Was, broken

過去の受動態の疑問文。was[were]を主語の前に出す。break-broke-broken と変化。

(4) Is, it

ふつうの be 動詞の文の場合と同じように,be 動詞を使って答える。

(5) is spoken

行為者を言う必要がない場合や行為者がはっきりしない場合はby ~は省略する。

(6) wasn’t done

was not done では空所不足。2語で表す。

(7) When was

〈疑問詞 + be動詞 + 主語 + 過去分詞~?〉の形。

【問2】
(1) English is studied at school in Japan.

by them は不要。

(2) Keiko cleans the room every day.

Keiko を主語にして、3単現の肯定文を作る。

(3) Jim was made a teacher by Jim’s (his) father.

SVOC の受動態。目的語を主語にして、補語は過去分詞のあとに残す。

(4) Tom reads this book.

Tom を主語にした能動態の文を作る。read-read[red]-read[red].

(5) Was this picture taken by Kenji?

this picture を主語にした過去の受動態の疑問文を作る。take-took-taken と変化。

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